Rangiri Dambulu Viharaya also known as the Golden Temple of Dambulla is situated in the central part of the Sri Lanka. This site is situated 148 km east of Colombo and 72 km north of Kandy. Way Towards The Dambulla RockView From The Top Way Towards the Cave TempleGolden Buddha Statue New Temple
Dambulla Cave Temple
Dambulla Temple is the largest and best-preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. The rock towers 160 m over the surrounding plains.There are more than 80 documented caves
in the surrounding area. Major attractions are spread over 5 caves, which contain statues
. These paintings and statues are related to Lord Buddha
and his life.
The temple is composed of five caves, which have been converted into shrine rooms. The caves, built at the base of a 150m high rock during the Anuradhapura (1st century BC to 993 AD) and Polonnaruwa times (1073 to 1250), are by far the most impressive of the many cave temples found in Sri Lanka. Access is along the gentle slope of the Dambulla Rock, offering a panoramic view of the surrounding flat lands, which includes the rock fortress Sigiriya, 19 km away.
Statues of Cave Temple
There are a total of 153 Buddha statues, 3 statues of Sri Lankan kings and 4 statues of gods and goddesses.
Historical Backgroundrom very early times isolated rock caves such as Dambulla, Mihintale and Aluvihara have being the choice of residence by Buddhist hermits. The antiquity of Dambulla is authenticated by inscription in Brahmin script. The characters of the script at Dambulla is distinctly that of the 3rd century A.D. There is one inscription that records “Damarakita teraha lene agata anagata catu disa sagasa dine. Gamini abhaya rajiyahi karate” (Which is interpreted –the cave of the Elder Dhammarakkhita, given to the Community of the four quarters, present or future. In the reign of Gamini Abhaya). This is evidence that these caves had benn used as residence for the Buddhist clergy since pre-Christian times.